Gold Influences
  • Three great gold discoveries
    • Australia
    • South Africa
    • USA
      • includes discovery of silver in West
  • all had similar characteristics
    • gold discoveries remote and difficult to access
    • prior to discovery all reasonably poor
      • USA - cost of civil war
      • Australia - essentially still a settler society powered by convict labour
      • South Africa - tension between Boer farmers of interior and Anglo coastal settlements
    • All had unresolved conflicts with indigenous population
    • All had large populations of rootless men
      • Australia - ticket of leave men and discharged convicts
      • USA - ex civil war soldiers who had lost everything
      • South Africa - large number of carpet baggers from elsewhere
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