Pedro Sarmiento De Gamboa

De Gamboa was a Spanish adventurer and author of the History of the Incas, the first comprehensive account of the Inca state in a European language.

De Gamboa was also a participant in a Spanish expedition to the Solomon Islands in 1568, and was later designated Governor of the Straits of Magellan during a failed attempt to establish fortified settlements on the straits of Magellan. These settlements were established in response to Drake's circumnavigation of South America and act as bulwark against further English incursions.

While returning from one of the expeditions to the Strait of Magellan in 1584 De Gamboa was captured by Walter Raleigh and imprisoned in LOndon for three years, during which time his is notable for having had conversations in Latin, their only common language, with Elizabeth I of England, about South America.

Thomas Cavendish visited the site of one of the settlements in 1587 and found it abandoned. Cavendish renamed it Port Famine. The site is now a Chilean national monument. The location of the second settlement, in what is now Argentina, was lost until its rediscovery by and archaeological expedition in 2003.

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License